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15 Sep 2014
Since the 1850s replica omega Planet Ocean, caf in Florence have been characteristic haunts: places for intense political discussions and bitter quarrels or creative spaces where kindred souls gave each other the courage to follow their passions. Once social hubs for the socially and intellectually elite, they are still a great place to visit for a bit of culture with your coffee. The Macchiaioli movement began fermenting at Caff Michelangiolo, a once smoky coffeehouse at via Cavour 21. It was the mid 1800s and revolutionary artists were experimenting with light and shadow effects using patches of color (macchie), a now celebrated technique that was widely criticized at the time. The forward thinking art critic Diego Martelli, landscapist Serafino De Tivoli, the cultured but controversial Telemaco Signorini and the even tempered master Giovanni Fattori were regulars at the caf tables. Florence historic caf have been essential to the city identity, particularly during Florence stint as the capital of Italy. Literary magazines, artistic movements and avant garde poetry were created at many local caf leaving a significant mark on the city cultural life and influencing all of Italy. In the seventeenth and eighteenth centuries, elegant caf still in operation part of historic cities all over Europe. Because of trade between Turkey and the Venetian Republic, the first caf in Italy, Caff Florian, opened in Venice in 1720. Its Florentine counterpart city oldest historic caf Caff Gilli. Founded in 1733 by a Swiss family, it is renowned for its hot cocoa and cappuccino, deemed the creamiest in town. Originally known as the Breads Boutique, the caf moved to its present location in piazza della Repubblica 36 in the 1920s. With its stained glass windows, Murano chandeliers, frescoed ceiling and eye catching arches, it is the city only remaining Belle caf its famous clock has been working for more than 100 years. Declared a national monument in 1991, Gilli has long been a hangout for creative types and movie stars. A photo taken in 1951 by American photographer Ruth Orkin further boosted its growing fame. Titled American Girl in Italy, this iconic black and white photograph shows a group of young males gathered on the via Roma side of the caf leering at a young woman as she hurries past. Another neighboring caf that looks out onto the same piazza at 31 is Caff Concerto Paszkowski. Open since 1846, it was originally the bar Caff Centrale. By 1904, it was owned by a Polish family by the name of Paszkowski, who turned it into a birreria in the hope of teaching Italians to drink beer. In the early twentieth century, musicians, scholars and artists gathered here. It is where Futurism most adamant advocates engaged in debate; the caf lavish Art Deco rooms with their unique mosaic floors saw the founding of this art movement that championed speed and modern technology. After World War II, the caf was modernized, and it became a favorite haunt for poets of the Hermetic movement, which favored cryptic word compositions and unorthodox structures. Today, as then, it hosts live music (every night from 9pm In 1988, actor and film director Francesco Nuti titled his Florence based movie Caruso Pascoski di padre polacco (Caruso Pascoski, Of Polish Origin) inspired by the caf furthering its popularity. In 1991, it was declared a national monument. Right across the square at piazza della Repubblica 13/r, is yet another historic coffeehouse: Caff Le Giubbe Rosse. Founded in 1847 by the Reininghaus brothers, German brewers fake carier uk, its name derives from the Viennese tradition of waiters wearing red jackets (giubbe rosse), and the caf was a favorite rendezvous for the Florentine German speaking community. After the outbreak of World War II and during the Fascist regime, it became common ground for Florentine and Milanese Futurists, who were famous for provoking fights among their members, serving also as a meeting place for the underground Communists. Virginia Woolf, James Joyce, Franz Kafka and even Vladimir Lenin are known to have frequented Le Giubbe Rosse. Always a site for cultural exchanges, it still hosts literary presentations and art exhibits today. For those whose inspiration lies in chocolate, Florence offers Caff Rivoire in piazza della Signoria. Founded in 1872, the company started life as a chocolate factory, located on the ground floor of the then Palazzo Lavison, now Palazzo delle Assicurazioni Generali. Turin born Enrico Rivoire Replica Zenith - Replica Watches UK Sale, Henry of Savoy royal chocolatier, introduced the Florentines to traditional hot chocolate in a cup (cioccolata in tazza). Owned by the Bardelli brothers since 1978, it still makes chocolate the way it was made more than 140 years ago.


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